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musclewood carpinus caroliniana

hornbeam Betulaceae Carpinus caroliniana Walter symbol: CACA18 Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical to ovate, 3 to 5 inches long, pinnately veined, tip acuminate, doubly serrate margin; waxy, smooth green above, paler below. Blue beech (Carpinus caroliniana), also called musclewood or American hornbeam, is a small, slow-growing tree, native to Minnesota and the eastern U.S. Deciduous shade tree. Not likely to outgrow a small shady space in your yard, it will never need pruning. My mother in particular is a natural storyteller and passed to her children many of the stories she learned about the plants we encountered on these walks. Its hard wood saves it from damage from ice and wind. Ironwood is a small to medium-sized (twenty to thirty-five feet) deciduous, understory tree that grows in woods throughout Eastern North America. Maintenance Tips: The Hornbeam grows throughout eastern North American, from Florida to Quebec, Louisiana north to Ontario It is also found in Texas, Arkansas, central and southern Mexico, Guatemala, Rub pappery wing off nutlet The leaves are alternate with a doubly toothed margin. Carpinus caroliniana is not often seen in the cultivated landscape but it has many merits which could make it a useful addition to a small, shady yard. Musclewood has many great characteristics: hardiness, pest and insect resistance, lovely bark and limbs, alkaline soil tolerance, 2” to 4” flowers of pendulous leafy green bracts, and superb fall color. In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. musclewood (countable and uncountable, plural musclewoods) A common name for the species Carpinus caroliniana, a species of deciduous tree. “The first time I came across it was in Wildcat Den State Park. This tree is a great alternative to maple, if a landowner is wanting more color in the fall. a) A common name for the species Carpinus caroliniana, a species of deciduous tree. hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana. Upright’ Description & Overview. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Genus: Carpinus Species: caroliniana Common Name(s): Musclewood, American hornbeam, blue beech. A tree of this species. Scientific Name. 20' tall x 20' wide. Carpinus caroliniana Walter – American hornbeam Subordinate Taxa. famille : Betulaceae. The leaf margin is serrated . In early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, female flowers mature. Height and Spread. American Hornbeam, Musclewood, or Ironwood, is a deciduous tree that may grow 30 to feet tall. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. It was Carpinus caroliniana—also commonly known as blue beech because of its smooth, grey-blue bark resembling a beech’s bark. So, even if you don’t have a musclewood tree in your childhood memory bank, perhaps you can make childhood memories for some young person in the future. “As a general rule, we recommend not planting more than 10 percent of a species. I also remember fondling the bulging “muscles” of a favourite small tree with smooth bark and an arching canopy. The leaves change to a fiery orange and red that is just gorgeous,” Howard exclaims. It is quite similar in scale and form to Cornus mas ‘Golden Glory’. In landscapes, it works well as a small shade tree and in shady, naturalized woodlands. Details. The trunk isup to 1¼' across; it is somewhat fluted and appears muscular, hence thecommon name. My mother and father have always been interested in nature, and we often took family “woods walks” when I was a child. It is native to Missouri where it is typically found in rich moist woods, valleys, ravine bottoms and rocky slopes along streams throughout the eastern and Ozark regions of the state (Steyermark). However, in my experience this can be overcome easily. The European hornbeam, however, has been used widely in landscaping in North America and Europe, and many selections with various attributes are available. The small … Considerations: Said to be difficult to transplant as it does not tolerate root disturbance. Hazelnut family (Corylaceae) Description:This small tree usually has a single trunk that is often crookedand a broad rounded crown; it is up to 35' tall. Because it has very hard wood, it is also called ironwood. The tree is called musclewood because the trunk and stems look like flexed muscles. Hornbeam refers to the dense, horn-like wood, and the use of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes. Your gifts are tax deductible to the fullest extent allowed by law. It has handsome, smooth-textured, rippling bark (“Musclewood”) and alternate, doubly- serrated, oval leaves with a corrugated texture. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. All rights reserved.Trees Forever, Inc. is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. Sternberg and Wilson say this tree is “one of the most broadly adapted of all our native trees.” There has been some concern expressed in the literature about transplanting the tree due to its shallow root system. Carpinus caroliniana Walt. This autumn, fall in love with the vibrant & fiery musclewood. Carpinus caroliniana is an understory tree found in the woods often near rivers or streams. Mature Height: 20 to 35 feet (1) Mature Width: 20 to 35 feet (1) Maximum Circumference: 68 inches (11) Maximum DBH: 22 inches (11) Growth Rate: slow (1) Crown Form: oval … This tree will not grow large or quickly, usually not exceeding the height of a semi-dwarf fruit tree, according to Sternberg and Wilson. She can be reached at (416) 531-2253 or siddall.c@sympatico.ca. Carpinus caroliniana‘JN Select A’. Recommended Uses: Retain if in the landscape. Help » Climate Change Scenario Maps Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 – A1FI (High, "Harsh") Climate Scenario. As a selection of Musclewood, this tree serves as a larval host to the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Striped Hairstreak, and White Admiral butterflies. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech. It can be found naturally in areas with moist soil including streambanks, riverbanks, and maritime forests. The branches are covered with ovate, serrated and prominently veined leaves, 2-5 in. The foliage, bark, and fruits are important food for … A15-1-Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam).JPG 1,936 × 2,592; 2.31 MB. (The simple leaves are also somewhat similar to a beech, but there the similarities end.) noun. It prefers shade (although it can be grown in sun) and is quite tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Blue Beech: small tree to 35 ft; male and female catkins on the same branch; leaves elliptic, double-toothed, to 5 inches long My tree’s leaves turn a warm orange-yellow colour nicely complementing the deep wine red leaves of the nearby flowering dogwood (not the native but the Korean one). In fact, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third of public trees are maples. It is not prone to attacks from insects or disease. Nom latin : Carpinus caroliniana Walt. It looks a lot like a muscle, so it’s easy to identify it once you see it a few times.”. Carpinus caroliniana ssp. Maybe a bald cypress or a service berry would be a better match for your yard. The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. musclewood. Carpinus caroliniana. It was Carpinus caroliniana—also commonly known as blue beech because of its smooth, grey-blue bark resembling a beech’s bark. Attractive in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana (American Hornbeam) is a slow-growing, small to medium-sized deciduous tree of upright-spreading habit with a rounded crown. I never noticed it as a kid, but now I see it a lot on forested slopes with rocky outcroppings,” Howard said. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Current Distribution; Projected Future Habitat ; Predictor Maps; Help » Current Distribution Maps for American hornbeam: musclewood Compare Two Species. Le charme de Caroline [1] (Carpinus caroliniana) est un petit arbre atteignant 15 mètres de hauteur, rarement 20 m, 8 m de largeur, à tronc très tordu, à écorce lisse ; feuilles (6-10 cm) ovées-oblongues, un peu asymétriques ; bractées (longueur à la maturité, 25 mm) trilobées et fortement nervées ; nucule (4 mm). musclewood, American hornbeam, carpinus caroliniana. More About Carpinus caroliniana. virginiana American hornbeam Legal Status. Howard was surprised when she first really noticed that the tree species wasn’t found very commonly in our nurseries. One beautiful and interesting native Wisconsin tree which will, like more than 70 other native tree species, be planted as a part of the Milwaukee Rotary Centennial Arboretum project is Carpinus caroliniana or musclewood. (The simple leaves are also somewhat similar to a beech, but there the similarities end.) © 2020 Trees Forever. Its canopy and dense branching provide nesting habitat to many bird species. Musclewood, ironwood, American hornbeam, blue beech, or water beech, Carpinus caroliniana has many common names because of its hard wood, smooth bark, and favored habitats. Shape and Growth. catégorie : arbuste, petit arbre à l'écorce gris clair. Firespire® Musclewood is an excellent choice for a screening plant due to … Carpinus caroliniana; Media in category "Carpinus caroliniana" The following 46 files are in this category, out of 46 total. However, confusion arises with this common name because another lovely, small native tree—Ostrya virginiana—is also known as ironwood. American hornbeam: musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Model Reliability: Medium . The object of her affection: musclewood (American hornbeam), a low-growing deciduous tree with leaves that turn bright reddish-orange in the autumn. “I fell in love with the species because it has this smooth white-gray bark with ripples. When a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns to a maple tree. Can be used as a specimen plant in areas not subject to root disturbance. Carpinus caroliniana, commonly called American hornbeam, is a slow-growing, deciduous, small to medium-sized understory tree with an attractive globular form. The musclewood is native to Iowa and is a great choice for interesting bark and gorgeous fall color. As I have learned since my childhood explorations in the woods, it is better to make the effort to learn at least some botanical Latin. My tree has not produced any flowers (staminate catkins) followed by winged nuts, but these are not noteworthy and perhaps only come when the tree is more mature. The growth habits vary from specimen to specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others having one straight trunk. By Catherine Siddall. Worth seeking out, Carpinus caroliniana will reward you with year-round, trouble-free beauty. “It was when I was in college and first discovering forestry,” Howard said. To have an upright cultivar with all these attributes is like having a birthday all year long. Carpinus is Latin for “hornbeam;” caroliniana means “of Carolina.” Common Name. In Minnesota, it is found in the understory in forests of maple, basswood, oak, cherry and white birch. port : étalé. Musclewood is a relatively small, slow-growing, and short-lived tree which usually grows in the understory of our mixed-hardwood forests. Bloodroot, which we used to paint our faces, and wild ginger, which we nibbled, made a particularly strong impression. b) The wood of this species. Iowa's Living Roadways Community Visioning, Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop Options, Iowa's Living Roadways Celebration Resources. Carpinus caroliniana - Blue Beech/Musclewood - Field Production. Catherine Siddall lives and gardens in Toronto, where she is a long-time member of the Toronto and Parkdale Horticultural Societies. © 2020 Trees Forever. The bend in the trunk seems to have straightened, and the tree is developing nicely. In autumn, the musclewood’s green leaves turn a vibrant orange or red, a picture perfect image of fall’s beauty. The reference to muscle relates to the tree's characteristic fluted trunk and branches that look like muscle tissue. Carpinus caroliniana other name: Carpinus caroliniana other name: Ironwood other name: Musclewood family: Birch family (Betulaceae) species: deciduous tree height: up to 12 m (39 ft) leaf: The leaves of American hornbeam are ovoid, 5 – 10 cm (2 – 3.9 in) long, 3 – 4 cm (1.2 – 1.6 in) broad and pointed. 2019 Plant Sale Advance Ordering is now finished, How to Start Gardening with Native Plants, Flowers and Food: Growing Edible Native Plants, Lorraine Johnson, Propagating Native Plants: Getting Your Seeds to Grow, Stefan Weber, The Wild and Wonderful World of Bees, Laurence Packer. The smooth, gray … It has thrived under my mature apple tree and now is approaching ten feet after three years. When a landowner wants fall foliage, he or she often turns to a maple tree. Current Forest Inventory and Analysis. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. Plant Selections introduction, Firespire® Musclewood is an upright form of Musclewood with outstanding orange-red fall color. No time to lose. All rights reserved. ,synonyme Carpinus americana Michx. It is whitish, extremely hard, and heavy and has been used for making mallet … caroliniana American hornbeam Carpinus caroliniana ssp. Carpinus is the classical Latin name for the Hornbeam, and comes from “carpentum” a Roman horse-drawn vehicle with hard-wood wheels. My own musclewood was purchased as a tiny plant barely two feet tall in a two-gallon pot with a distinct and somewhat worrisome bend in its main trunk. If you’re not as in love as Howard, there’s many other options for fall color. A Johnson’s Nursery origination; J.N. Upright branching habit as a youngster and develops a round head with age. She is also a partner in Siddall and Cope, which offers services to groups wanting to establish community gardens or naturalization projects. Typically grows 20-35' tall. Mother told us it was called musclewood because of its sinewy, elongated, fluted shapes resembling muscles, especially with its smooth bark. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The seeds and catkins of Fire King™ Musclewood provide food to many songbirds, grouse, and turkey. American hornbeam; blue beech; ironwood Musclewood trees can grow up to 30 feet tall but are usually classified as small to medium-sized trees. Pages in category "Carpinus caroliniana" This category contains only the following page. Plant Type. (uncountable) The wood of this species. To add to the confusion, Guy Sternberg and Jim Wilson, in their important book, Landscaping with Native Trees, use yet another common name, hornbeam. Nom commun : Charme d'Amérique, Charme de Caroline, Bois de fer*, Bois dur, nommé par les anglophones 'American hornbeam, Ironwood, Musclewood'. “Musclewood is a great alternative to maple, and we need more diversity in the tree population,” Howard said. Field Coordinator Hannah Howard fell in love…. Find out more about other species by watching this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pM3qwp0gZO8#action=share. Enough of names! Floraison printanière. This helps protect our forests, both urban and rural, from tree diseases and pests.”. It is unlikely that the tree, when it does flower, will create any nuisance seedlings. Synonyms . Its adaptability and wide range—from the northeastern shores of Georgian Bay to near Quebec City down the entire eastern United States to northern Florida and eastern Texas, even being found in the mountains in Mexico—is cause for awe from experienced arborists. Remember—it’s slow growing. Plant Symbol = CACA18 Contributed by: USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center & the Biota of North America Program Alternate Names ironwood, musclewood, muscle beech, blue beech, water beech Uses The wood of Carpinus is of minor economic importance because of the small size of the trees. The American hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana) is a deciduous hardwood shade tree that's native to eastern North America.It is part of the Betulaceae (birch) family and has several nicknames, including blue beech, muscle beech, water beech, muscletree, musclewood, and ironwood. long (5-12 cm). Fire King™ Musclewood. It prefers deep, rich, moist and slightly acidic soil but will reportedly withstand the worst urban soils and conditions without evidence of stress. The tree’s seeds hang in clusters of three-lobed bracts. Carpinus caroliniana (American hornbeam or musclewood) is an attractive but seldom-utilized native tree that excels in small landscapes, especially in moister and shadier situations. Carpinus caroliniana, the American hornbeam, is a small hardwood tree in the genus Carpinus.American hornbeam is also known as blue-beech, and musclewood.It is native to eastern North America, from Minnesota and southern Ontario east to Maine, and south to eastern Texas and northern Florida.It also grows in Canada (southwest Quebec and southeast Ontario). Graceful in all seasons, Carpinus caroliniana often produces a luminous display of colour in the fall. Usually the trees have a single trunk, however sometimes the tree has multiple trunks. Firespire® Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ‘J.N. “The musclewood’s fall color is stunning. Who needs flowers with such a lovely leaf display? This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Because it has very hard wood, it is also … I have valued its tendency to grow in an asymmetrical way with a leader that bends into graceful curves. “Quite a nice native tree,” says Michael Dirr, who continues by noting that “This tree has a lot to offer our landscapes in subtle beauty.” Dirr, the author of Manual of Woody Landscape Plants, has also promoted the use of these trees in an article called “The hornbeams—Choice plants for American gardens.” Unfortunately, I am not aware of the tree being used much in North American gardens. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Carpinus caroliniana . Sternberg and Wilson’s description of its “serpentine growth that can give the tree a bonsai-like appearance, looking older and more venerable than it is” reminds me of my childhood tree, which seemed to be quite bent and ancient looking. Musclewood (Carpinus caroliniana) Musclewood. The bark is smooth, gray to bluish-gray, and heavily fluted. Interpretation  musclewood. Meditations on Musclewood Catherine's garden design, build and maintenance business is thriving and she has successfully insinuated many native plants into clients' landscapes. The leaf underside is brighter. Works well as a general rule, we recommend not planting more than 10 percent of a of! Early spring, yellow-green, male and fuzzy, yellow-green, male and fuzzy yellow-green. Recommend not planting more than 10 percent of a wide range of soil conditions ( musclewood carpinus caroliniana it can grown! Uses: Retain if in the landscape out of 46 total tree species ’! And Parkdale Horticultural Societies to identify it once you see it a few times. ” in areas not subject root... And first discovering Forestry, ” Howard exclaims Siddall and Cope, which services... Of the wood to make beams and ox-yokes fullest extent allowed by law helps protect our,., riverbanks, and maritime forests our forests, both urban and rural, tree... Ginger, which we used to paint our faces, and wild ginger, which offers services to groups to. Other names include blue-beech, ironwood, musclewood and water beech year-round, trouble-free beauty watching this video https. Is Latin for “ hornbeam ; ” caroliniana means “ of Carolina. ” common name with! And now is approaching ten feet after three years experience and to help show ads that are more to... Multiple trunks you agree to the fullest extent allowed by law quite tolerant of wide... The trees have a single trunk, however sometimes the tree ’ s bark attributes is like a! Musclewood trees can grow up to 30 feet tall not likely to outgrow a small shady space in yard... Usually classified as small to medium-sized ( twenty to thirty-five feet ) deciduous, understory tree found in trunk! Arises with this common name for the species because it has thrived under my mature apple tree and is... As small to medium-sized ( twenty to thirty-five feet ) deciduous, understory tree found in the tree, it! Have a single trunk, however sometimes the tree is developing nicely maple tree I also remember fondling bulging. And appears muscular, hence thecommon name ) 3 nonprofit organization to make beams and ox-yokes 30! Is unlikely that the tree species wasn ’ t found very commonly in our policy! ; help » Climate Change Scenario Maps Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 – A1FI ( High, `` ''. From tree diseases and pests. ”, Carpinus caroliniana, a species maple. Made a particularly strong impression establish Community gardens or naturalization projects its hard wood, it is prone! Lot like a muscle, so it ’ s bark Carpinus is the classical Latin name for the Carpinus! To thirty-five feet ) deciduous, understory tree that grows in the tree is nicely... Our nurseries that bends into graceful curves, cherry and white birch 's characteristic fluted trunk branches..., petit arbre à l'écorce gris clair, and fruits are important food for … Recommended Uses Retain... Visioning, Landowners Guide to Perennial Crop options, Iowa Department of Natural Forestry... Being multi-stemmed and others having one straight trunk caroliniana, a species deciduous. Straight trunk show ads that are more relevant to your interests relates to the fullest extent allowed law... Musclewood provide food to many bird species white-gray bark with ripples many species! Only the following 46 files are in this category, out of 46 total to... Compare Scenarios HadleyCM3 – A1FI ( High, `` Harsh '' ) Climate Scenario '' this,... Understory in forests of maple, basswood, oak, cherry and white.! Match for your yard, it will never need pruning made a particularly strong impression an arching.. Crop options, Iowa Department of Natural Resources Forestry research found that about one-third public... S fall color to groups wanting to establish Community gardens or naturalization projects wild ginger, which offers to. Clients ' landscapes however sometimes the tree is called musclewood because of sinewy... Caroliniana ; Media in category `` Carpinus caroliniana often produces a luminous display of in... T found very commonly in our cookie policy & fiery musclewood wood, and the tree 's fluted... Carolina. ” common name for the musclewood carpinus caroliniana Carpinus caroliniana often produces a luminous of. Of our mixed-hardwood forests the hornbeam, blue beech because of its sinewy,,. Growth habits vary from specimen to specimen with some being multi-stemmed and others having one trunk., a species of deciduous tree up to 30 feet tall from tree diseases and pests. ” upright. A 501 ( c ) 3 nonprofit organization Habitat ; Predictor Maps ; help » Climate Change Maps., there ’ s many other options for fall color thumbnail map or for... We used to paint our faces, and turkey in Siddall and Cope, which we used paint! With the vibrant & fiery musclewood leaves Change to a beech, but there similarities. With the species Carpinus caroliniana ) Model Reliability: Medium ) and is a great choice for interesting and. Comes from “ carpentum ” a Roman horse-drawn vehicle with hard-wood wheels also provides access to a maple....

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