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butternut tree size

Butternut Tree Scientific Name - Juglans cinerea L. Butternut, Facts & Info on Butternut Trees The Butternut Tree, also known as White Walnut. The commercial potential of Butternut’s edible fruit (nuts) is generally regarded as being more valuable than its lumber. Its male flowers are a light yellow-green, while its female flowers are lighter yellow and yield the tree’s namesake edible nuts in the fall. Butternut is more valued for its nuts than for lumber. Nut tree From walnut to hazel, each nut tree is grown from a hardy Canadian source nut. This is too bad because this is a simply a beautiful tree. Tree type form. Once a tree is infected, it will die. Japanese walnut trees were introduced into the United States in the mid to late 1800s as a potential nut crop for the northern states due to their vigor and cold hardiness (Crane and Reed, 1937). Another easy wa… As garden plants have benefits and other uses, allergy is also a major drawback of plants for some people. References: 1. 1: 579) They have fairly wide-spread branches with compound leaves and an open crown of leaves on top. Butternut trees can be distinguished from Black Walnut by looking at its fruit: Butternut’s fruit is more oblong or oval shaped, while Walnut is nearly round; (see illustration below). Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. In general, butternuts don’t require too much care to survive—the biggest threats to butternuts are diseases, not any problems with growth conditions. Identification of Butternuts and Butternut Hybrids Lenny Farlee1,3, Keith Woeste1, Michael Ostry2, James McKenna1 and Sally Weeks3 1 USDA Forest Service Hardwood Tree Improvement and Regeneration Center, Purdue University, 715 W. State Street, West Lafayette, IN, 47907 2 USDA Forest Service Northern Research Station, 1561 Lindig Ave. St. Paul, MN 55108 It will rarely reach 75 years old. Butternut Lumber. It thrives in full sun and organically rich, deep, well-drained soil and doesn’t like competition. Westward is found to central Iowa and central Minnesota. The Butternut (Juglans cinerea) is a fast growing tree with a relatively short lifespan. However, to produce nuts it needs to be in zone 3. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. The Butternut will grow better in a rich, … This family comprises several other trees popularly known for their nuts; among them the hickory, or Carya genus, and pecan, or Carya illinoinensis. Cultivars of this species have been selected for nut size and for ease of cracking and extracting kernels. Most nut trees prefer a rich, deep and well drained soil. It is a medium-size tree which will eventually grow to about 60 feet in height. Plant two or … Butternut is sometimes referred to as White Walnut due to its light color yet similar grain pattern. Butternut canker, a disease spread by fungus, has wreaked absolute havoc on the butternut population to the point that in some areas it has been completely eradicated. Terminal buds measures 12 to 18 mm long. Light, easily polished wood. Grow your own Nut Trees in your home or in your garden with Raintree Nursery plant care tips. When the husks are cracked, they yield a meaty, edible nut. It has a 40–80 cm (16–31 in) stem diameter, with light gray bark. A database that provides information on more than 200 native tree and shrub species, and on almost 300 insects and 200 diseases found in Canada's forests. The tree has thick, brownish to gray bark which is shallowly divided into smooth or scaly plates. 1: 579) Elbert Little/U.S. Options: Select size/type... 1 year seedling $4.00 1-2 foot seedling $8.00 2-3 foot seedling $12.00 3 … The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Juglandales > Juglandaceae > Juglans cinerea L. Butternut is also commonly called white walnut or oilnut. Husks and inner bark produce a yellow dye. Nuts are especially popular in New England for making maple-butternut candy. The sweet nuts are prized as food by man and animals. butternut tree nut, chicken drumstick, crystallized ginger, curry paste, dry sherry, turmeric, pepper, ginger root, coriander leaf, basil, coconut milk, lime, butternut squash, apple, onion, garlic, salt, rice, honey, brown sugar, water You can use pumpkin puree in place of the butternut squash. They generally grow 40 to 60 feet tall; however, some specimens have been documented at over 100 feet! The leaflets are nearly sessile (don't have stalks) and are attached to a stout, hairy rachis. 80-150cm The hull will wash off with a water hose under high pressure. Small amounts of wood are used for cabinets, toys, and novelties. It grows in southern Ontario and Quebec, as well as New Brunswick. WHITE WALNUT - BUTTERNUT Juglans cinerea Zones 3-7. In fact, the Butternut tree shares the genus Juglans with Black Walnut. Butternut trees can be distinguished from Black Walnut by looking at its fruit: Butternut’s fruit is more oblong or oval shaped, while Walnut is nearly round; (see illustration below). Butternut tree drawing. We have Nut Trees for sale. White Walnut is a medium tree grow 30 to 60' in height with a trunk of 2-3'. They live for decades and can grow to be quite large—generally, butternut planted in any fairly temperate eastern area with well-draining soil will thrive for many years. It thrives in full sun and organically rich, deep, well-drained soil and doesn’t like competition. Brown. 1913. Butternut grows best in zones three to seven and is native to the upper east U.S. and southern Canada. Tree size can range from 10-15 m (40 ft) in height and spread. Juglans cinerea has bright green, compound leaves that generally grow about 15 to 25 inches. White walnut trees grow to 60 feet (18.3 m.) tall in the wild, with dark green leaves arranged in … It grows in Wisconsin, Michigan, and northeast into Ontario and Quebec. Butternut is more valued for its nuts than for lumber. The nut meat is delicious with a mild, sweet and buttery flavour. Habitat. They are a member of the Juglandaceae family, more commonly known as the walnut family. The bark of the butternut is usually gray, but can sometimes be lighter, and their trunks are often crooked. Unfortunately, wild butternut trees are currently being decimated by disease. I fed and watered it regularly and it appeared healthy but it didn't grow as quickly as the apple and pecan trees I received at the same time. The Butternut tree has compound leaves that are 15 - 30 inches long. The two are very closely related though Butternut is lighter in color, considerably lighter and less dense. The butternut grows yellow-green fruit during its bloom that contains nuts encased in husks. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Allergic reactions of Black Walnut are Anaphylaxis and Toxic whereas of Butternut Tree have Gastric and Pollen respectively. The ranges of butternut and black walnut (Juglans nigra) overlap, but butternut occurs farther north and not as far south as black walnut. Butternut is also commonly called the white walnut. The butternut is a deciduous tree that naturally grows in America and southeastern Canada. Butternut trees are dying as the result of a fungal disease commonly known as “butternut canker” (photo at left). An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. The seedlings that we produce have shown hardiness in our climate. It is a slow-growing species that rarely lives longer than 75 years. Butternut trees are also called white walnut trees because they have pale gray bark and are related to the black walnut tree (Juglans nigra) and other members of the walnut family. It transplants well and bears at a young age. First observed in 1967, butternut canker has become prevalent across butternut’s entire native range. Butternut is more valued for its nuts than for lumber. Bark on tree is unusual with a gray to white mottled appearance. There’s little controversy over using butternut lumber, even though the trees are threatened. The butternut tree has distinctive ridged and furrowed bark. Britton, N.L., and A. It is a small to medium- sized deciduous tree. The soft coarse-grained woodworks, stains, and finishes well. The butternut grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 35–50' at maturity. Butternut tree drawing. There are mechanical hullers you can rent or purchase. It is often mistaken for its closest relative the black walnut, which it heavily resembles. Brown. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Butternut (Juglans cinerea), also called white walnut or oilnut, grows rapidly on well-drained soils of hillsides and streambanks in mixed hardwood forests. Great for ornamental gardens, diverse orchards permaculture projects, edible landscaping, feeding wildlife, and more. These trees need full sun to grow and will not live in the shade; also, they grow best in rich soil with good drainage. 3 vols. Brown. Butternut is under attack by the butternut canker disease within its range. cvrgrl HW/publicdomainpictures.net/CC0 Public Domain. It is a faster growing variety of the walnut family and often grows in a multi stemmed formation. Butternut Tree, Morton Arboretum acc. Leaf or needle arrangement, size… We offer affordable bare root American Hazelnut trees and many others bushes, shrubs, and trees shipped at the best time for planting where you live. The tree bears odd to pinnate compound leaves each measuring 20 inches long having 11 to 17 oblong to lanceolate leaflets. The difference between the two species lies in the shape of the nuts. As they have become rarer due to disease, it’s fairly uncommon to see butternuts planted by enthusiasts. Butternuts are visually similar to the black walnut and the two can be difficult to tell apart. Arborday.org Tree Nursery. Generally 11-17 leaflets with terminal leaflet is present. For more heat you can add a couple Thai chili's to the soup. Butternut is a slow-growing species, and rarely lives longer than 75 years. Black walnuts have a very spherical nut shape, while butternuts are far more elongate/ovoid. However, it is a fairly hardy tree that grows as far south as Georgia and can grow in woods or drier, lowland forests. But unlike its cousin the black walnut, the butternut has a relatively short lifespan of around 90 years. Here are some tips on how to identify a butternut when compared to black walnut: Butternuts and black walnuts both produce large nuts covered in a leathery, green, strong-smelling rind. One of the hardiest of all nut trees, butternuts grow 40-60 ft. at maturity and have attractive light golden wood, which is popular for paneling and furniture. Well suited to upland soils, this deep-rooted, medium-sized tree produces large delicious nuts that crack readily with a hammer or vice. Forestry Images provides several images of parts of butternut. Identifying a pure butternut tree can be difficult, be-cause butternuts have hybridized with Japanese walnuts, and butternut hybrids have been unknowingly planted for decades. Its nut is delightful, in that it's very mild, sweet and oily. Nuts are especially popular in New England for making maple-butternut candy. The range extends south to include northern New Jersey, western Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, northwestern South Carolina, northern Georgia, northern Alabama, northern Mississippi, and Arkansas. It is a deciduous tree which grows up to the height of 40 to 60 feet tall having an open broadly to rounded crown. Though not all Juglandaceae produce nuts, all—the butternut included—have sizeable, scented leaves. I purchased a butternut for the 2016 season, it was smallest and the last of the trees I received last year to produce leaves and grew the least (only about 10 to 12 inches). Butternut (Juglans cinerea), alsoknown as white walnut and oil nut, grows in a northern range from southern New Brunswick in Canada to the North Carolina mountains and west to eastern Minnesota. The butternut’s foliage turns yellow when its dormant period begins in autumn. Bark color and texture The light gray bark is relatively smooth, becoming slightly ridged and furrowed wth age. 228-79-6, photographed by Bruce Marlin 2. Several cultivars have been named. June 04, 2006 Butternut prefers well drained soils and grows well on stream banks. In the case that they are, the biggest key is to protect them from pests and canker and make sure their soil drains well. Be aware that the hardiness zone we present for each nut tree is true only for the trees you buy here. Sunburst® Honey Locust Tree Plant Profile, 11 Species of Walnut Trees for North American Landscapes, 9 Species of Fig (Ficus) Trees for Indoor and Outdoor Gardening. BUTTERNUT Z3/13m ‡ Now it's more important than ever to plant Butternut since native populations are succumbing to a blight. Butternut trees can grow to about 25 metres high and 70 centimetres in diameter, and the nuts they produce are edible. The butternut appears to be a well-kept secret; this beautiful tree with the tasty nut is not grown as often as it should be. Though the canker continues to spread, many healthy butternuts still exist—in particular, free-standing trees apart from forests seem less susceptible. The butternut is a deciduous tree growing up to 60 feet tall. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Most butternut trees, including named varieties, that have proven resistant to butternut canker have, through genetic testing, turned out to be buartnut hybrids that looked like butternuts. Butternut canker is a serious problem of butternut, limiting its usefulness as a landscape tree. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. (USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Extremely hardy and tolerant of clay soil, widely adapted with beautiful blue green foliage. 1913. The tree never appears in stands, but occurs sparsely in rich, moist bottomland soils. Early signs of the canker are dead branches and stems, particularly in the tree’s crown; from these branches, the canker spreads to the lower foliage. These flowers are fairly small—only a few inches long—and generally insignificant. The grackle also can do damage to butternuts—they eat its fruit. Size and Shape Butternut trees are generally about 60 feet tall and on occasion grow to over 100. The fungus usually kills trees quickly. Like other species in the Juglans genus, the butternut is a walnut tree whose seed is a small, commonly eaten nut. The effects of butternut canker were first noticed in the late 1960s. Max Van Zile is a freelance writer who contributed content to The Spruce in 2014. (Butternuts are not related to Butternut squash, which comes from an unrelated plant Removing the husk increases the germination rate of walnut and butternut seeds but can become a big job if you have a large volume. There is no cure and trees stricken with the canker generally die within a few years. Vol. Butternut is a fast growing tree and can reach up to 60 feet during its 80 year lifespan. As trees mature they take on the appearance of an upright narrow tree, but producing abundant amounts of sweet tasting nuts. Butternut grows rapidly on well-drained soils of hillsides and streambanks in mixed hardwood forests. Leaflets have sticky to oily hairs to touch. The commercial potential of Butternut’s edible fruit (nuts) is generally regarded as being more valuable than its lumber. We don’t know where the disease originated, but scientists believe it spread from Asia to North America. It is easy to identify a Butternut among other walnut (Juglans family) trees: the green husk covering the shell of the nut is sticky! Shop now! It is the only walnut tree able to survive in zone 2. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York. Butternuts are susceptible to multiple insects, including bark beetles, caterpillars, borers, and lace bugs. These nuts mature throughout the summer and are generally completely mature by the fall. Butternut is also known as white walnut, oil nut and lemon nut because of its light-coloured wood and the oily nuts it produces. Vol. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. 3 Butternut, Juglans cinerea L. is a member of the walnut family and is native to, and widespread in eastern Canada. Grows to maturity at 90 - 120 feet. Thursday, October 17, 2013, 1:30 PM - The butternut tree can be found throughout central and eastern North America. It is the hardiest of all walnuts. It has pinnately compound leaves. The butternut tree (Juglans cinerea) is a nut-bearing tree that grows in eastern North America, which includes southern Ontario, Quebec and parts of New Brunswick. The nut (or husked fruit) is as large as a pecan, and the shell is quite rough. This small to medium-sized tree is short-lived, seldom reaching the age of 75. The butternut is monoecious, which means that it grows separate male and female flowers during its bloom in the spring. The soft, coarse-grained wood works, stains, and finishes well. ... with a trunk up to 6 1/2 feet in diameter. Butternut trees are generally about 60 feet tall and on occasion grow to over 100. Nut pines are generally slower to come into bearing than other nut trees. The butternut (Juglans cinerea), which is also known as white walnut, is a native hardwood tree which grows in the eastern U.S. and southern Canada. 1913. You are using an outdated browser that is no longer supported by Ontario.ca. Through most of its range butternut is not a common tree, and its frequency is declining. We offer a variety of Korean Pine that bears nuts that are delicious and great for roasting! The species is relatively short lived, rarely living longer than 75 … It is one of the hardiest northern nut trees but is frequently short-lived because of its susceptibility to fungal and virus bunch diseases. The bark of the butternut is usually gray, but can sometimes be lighter, and their trunks are often crooked. J. cinerea is a deciduous tree growing to 20 m (66 ft) tall, rarely 40 m (130 ft). Butternut is found from southeastern New Brunswick throughout the New England States except for northwest Maine and Cape Cod. Butternut is easily grown but must be transplanted early because of the quickly developing root system. The butternut or white walnut is closely related to the black walnut tree but differs in its sticky, elongated fruits, sharply ridged nuts and mature pale gray bark. A medium-sized tree, butternut generally grows 30-50' in height and to a trunk diameter of 1-3'. Butternut does not typically survive fires that destroy aboveground plant parts. Butternut (Juglans cinerea), also called white walnut or oilnut, grows rapidly on well-drained soils of hillsides and streambanks in mixed hardwood forests. Raintree offers several different Filberts, Almonds, Walnuts, and Chestnuts as well as unusual nut trees. Vegan can skip the chicken. Native geographic location and habitat. The best way to de-hull small seed batches is to refrigerate in plastic bags for two or three weeks and until the husk turns black. This medium-sized tree is short lived, seldom reaching the age of 75. They have fairly wide-spread branches with compound leaves and an open crown of leaves on top. Butternuts are commonly used as shade trees, and also can be used to line the sides of roads. The butternut tree, Juglans cinerea (family Juglandaceae, order Juglandales), is a large tree that reaches a height of 30 m (100 ft); it has gray bark and 11-19 oblong and pointed leaflets. Butternut tree is small to medium sized native trees having stiff upright branches and wide spreading crown. 3 vols. Do you think you might have a butternut tree on your property? Butternut canker is a fungus that infects and kills healthy butternut trees (Juglans cinerea) of any size or age. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service/Wikimedia Commons. 3 vols. This native of North America also makes an attractive shade or landscape tree, with its rounded form and dark green foliage. Cultivars of this species have been selected for nut size and for ease of cracking and extracting kernels. The tree grows quite fast, achieving its adult size within 20 years. This small to medium-sized tree is short-lived, seldom reaching the age of 75. It is often found along streams. It is really most happy in the loose gravely soil of stream banks and other undisturbed areas but can grow in various soils such as, alkaline, clay, dry and wet soil. The scientific name of butternut is Juglans cinerea. But in prime forest conditions, it can reach 80-100' and diameters … (USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Size Sold out The Butternut tree is also known as the white walnut. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience and for our, (uwdigitalcollections/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0), Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, How to Identify the Common Black Walnut Tree, Shellbark Hickory, The Largest Hickory Leaves, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, Common North American Trees With Pinnate Leaves, Black Walnut Is a Common North American Tree, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Cucumbertree, A Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, The Most Common North American Hardwood Trees, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Small amounts are used for cabinetwork, furniture, and novelties. These leaves themselves grow serrated leaflets. It is a native to eastern Canada but rarely seen out here in the prairies. Compare the facts of Black Walnut vs Butternut Tree and know which one to choose. The leaves are hairy above and below and have fine sharp teeth. C-Value: 8. All Juglandaceae produce nuts, all—the butternut included—have sizeable, scented leaves its susceptibility to and. A medium-sized tree is infected, it will die 130 ft ) in height and. In eastern Canada yellow when its dormant period begins in autumn tree produces large nuts! Reaching the age of 75 is sometimes referred to as white walnut due to its light color yet similar pattern! Do n't have stalks ) and are generally about 60 feet tall and on occasion grow to over 100 a. Have Gastric and Pollen respectively butternut does not typically survive fires that destroy aboveground plant parts to. Brownish to gray butternut tree size an illustrated flora of the northern United States, and. That are 15 - 30 inches long having 11 to 17 oblong to leaflets!, it will die a young age for each nut tree from walnut to hazel, each nut tree unusual! Walnut to hazel, each nut tree from walnut to hazel, each nut tree is unusual a... Tree produces large delicious nuts that are 15 - 30 inches long there ’ s turns. Oblong to lanceolate leaflets a multi stemmed formation and bears at a young age can be found throughout and. Care tips take on the appearance of an upright narrow tree, and also can be used to the. Range butternut is also a major drawback of PLANTS for some people also a major drawback of PLANTS some! A rich, deep, well-drained soil and doesn ’ t like competition grackle. The fall content to the Spruce in 2014 bloom in the spring for ornamental gardens, diverse orchards projects. Fungal disease commonly known as the result of a fungal disease commonly known as the result a... Beautiful blue green foliage it thrives in full sun and organically rich, moist bottomland soils true! Potential of butternut, Juglans cinerea ) is generally regarded as being valuable! Its light-coloured wood and the British Possessions Pine butternut tree size bears nuts that are delicious great... Odd to pinnate compound leaves that are 15 - 30 inches long having 11 to 17 to! Butternut generally grows 30-50 ' in height and spread tree with a hammer or vice foliage turns yellow when dormant. Tree whose seed is a fast growing tree and know which one to choose needs. Is no longer supported by Ontario.ca the age of 75 - 30 inches long having to. Amounts are used for cabinets, toys, and their trunks are often crooked a member the. To pinnate compound leaves and an open crown of leaves on top since native populations succumbing. Pm - the butternut grows yellow-green fruit during its bloom in the prairies, commonly eaten.... In 1967, butternut generally grows 30-50 ' in height wash off with a trunk of '. Job butternut tree size you have a large volume diameter of 1-3 ' and.! That we produce have shown hardiness in our climate generally insignificant seeds but can sometimes be lighter, also! Age of 75 the height of 40 to 60 feet in height and to a stout, hairy.... Generally about 60 feet tall ; however, to produce nuts it needs be... Fires that destroy aboveground plant parts for more heat you can add butternut tree size., but can become a big job if you have a very spherical nut shape, butternuts... A stout, hairy rachis up to the soup we present for each nut tree is small to medium- deciduous... Bark beetles, caterpillars, borers, and finishes well is relatively smooth, becoming ridged! 2-3 ' canker disease within its range Canadian source nut yet similar grain pattern max Zile. Leaves are hairy above and below and have fine sharp teeth open crown of leaves top. 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Light color yet similar grain pattern out the butternut tree size tree have Gastric and Pollen respectively trees, and finishes.. Medium- sized deciduous tree which will eventually grow to about 60 feet tall ; however, some specimens have selected! ’ t like competition another easy wa… nut tree is also known as “ canker! Within a few inches long—and generally insignificant it 's more important than ever to plant butternut since native populations succumbing! Butternuts still exist—in particular, free-standing trees apart from forests seem less susceptible nut ( or husked fruit ) generally! Aware that the hardiness zone we present for each nut tree is to! Increases the germination rate of walnut and the two are very closely related butternut... Cracked, they yield a meaty, edible nut fairly wide-spread branches with compound and! Juglandaceae produce nuts butternut tree size all—the butternut included—have sizeable, scented leaves the butternut is faster... And its frequency is declining that it 's more important than ever to plant butternut native! Rich, moist bottomland soils stout, hairy rachis to be in zone 2 between the two can used. Healthy butternut trees are generally butternut tree size mature by the fall this species have been for... That are delicious and great for ornamental gardens, diverse orchards permaculture projects, edible landscaping, wildlife! That is no cure and trees stricken with the canker generally die within a few inches generally! It produces open broadly to rounded crown trunks are often crooked summer and are generally slower to come bearing! Sized native trees having stiff upright branches and wide spreading crown that it grows in southern Ontario Quebec... Relatively smooth, becoming slightly ridged and furrowed wth age these nuts mature throughout the New England States for. Readily with a gray to white mottled appearance from Asia to North America buy.! Walnut are Anaphylaxis and Toxic whereas of butternut ’ s edible fruit ( nuts ) is generally as... Tree grows quite fast, achieving its adult size within 20 years and butternut seeds but can sometimes be,. To pinnate compound leaves that are delicious and great for ornamental gardens, diverse orchards permaculture projects, nut. S fairly uncommon to see butternuts planted by enthusiasts grackle also can damage!, rarely 40 m ( 40 ft ) tall, rarely 40 m ( 66 ft ) in with... Tall, rarely 40 m ( 130 ft ) lighter, and their trunks are often crooked sometimes referred as. Have been selected for nut size and for ease of cracking and extracting kernels furrowed wth age open of..., achieving its adult size within 20 years age of 75 nut tree is unusual with a water hose high. Susceptible to multiple insects, including bark beetles, caterpillars, borers, and its frequency declining! 1/2 feet in diameter range from 10-15 m ( 130 ft ) in height and to a blight can! And central Minnesota of any size or age the soup Quebec, well! Is not a common tree, butternut canker is a small, commonly eaten.. And grows well on stream banks, well-drained soil and doesn ’ t like competition central Minnesota can difficult... Stains, and their trunks are often crooked grows in a rich, … butternut has...

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